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Roadmap to learn HTML, CSS and JavaScript for Beginners

In this roadmap you will get complete guidance on how to learn HTML, CSS and JavaScript. These 3 web technologies forms the foundation for students aspiring to become a software developer mainly a front end developer.

I. HTML

II. CSS

III. JavaScript

WHAT IS HTML AND WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO LEARN HTML?

  • HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is the standard markup language widely used for designing web pages.

  • The software engineers must have sound knowledge of HTML as it is the basic language for designing web pages.

  • HTML is the basis for taking your technical skills to the next level.

  • Though the language has a wider application in various jobs, the language is used primarily by Front-End Software Engineers.

  • With the help of HTML, front-end software engineers specify what type of information each item on a webpage contains. They use it to debug their codes, once they finish writing it.

  • Every website that we open uses HTML.

COMPONENTS OF HTML

The basic components on which a beginner should focus in order to learn HTML are given below. If you are beginner, you should achieve mastery in these basic components first and then focus on advanced topics.

  • HTML Body Tag

  • DOCTYPE

  • HTML Paragraph Spacing

  • HTML Line Breaks

  • HTML Header Tags

  • HTML Text Formatting and Decoration

  • HTML Inline Text Formatting

  • HTML Unordered Lists

  • HTML Ordered Lists

  • HTML Image Insertion

  • HTML Embedding Videos

  • HTML Absolute vs. Relative File Referencing

  • HTML Link Creation

  • HTML Anchor Tags

  • HTML Tables

  • HTML Nested Tables

  • HTML Merging Cells

  • HTML Text Wrapping

  • HTML Table Background Image

  • HTML Cell Alignment

  • HTML Form Tags and Attributes

 

WHERE CAN YOU LEARN HTML?

There are ample resources available on internet to learn HTML. Some of the free sources which you can refer are mentioned below.

Free Sources:

  1. Envato Tuts+

  2. Traversy Media

  3. Codecademy

  4. w3schools

  5. General  Assembly

While free resources are helpful to acquire the knowledge, if you want to showcase your skills through certifications, you must take up some of the paid courses. Some of the paid courses you can take up are mentioned below. Choose any one of these courses and earn certificates

Paid Courses:

  1. Udemy

  2. Lynda.com

  3. mycaptain

  4. Coursera

  5. Classcentral

 

BENEFITS OF LEARNING HTML:-

  • Web page development- HTML is used for creating pages on the World Wide Web. Every webpage contains a set of HTML tags. Every web page is written using a version of HTML code. Once you learn HTML, you can use it to create and display attractive, dynamic and interactive web pages.

  • Web document Creation- HTML dominates document creation on the internet. The three segments of a document- title, head, and body are designed and created by the use of HTML tags.

  • Responsive Image on Web Pages- With the feature of image element in HTML and combining it with picture elements, a developer can fully govern how the user will render an image.

 

WHAT IS CSS AND WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO LEARN CSS?

  • Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is the language that is used to style a web page.

  • It describes how HTML elements are to be displayed on the screen/any media.

  • Apart from changing the basic page display (colour, font, style, etc.), it is used to optimize web pages for responsive web design.

  • One of the basic skills that a Front End Software engineer needs is CSS.

COMPONENTS OF CSS

The basic components on which a beginner should focus in order to learn CSS are given below. If you are beginner, you should achieve mastery in these basic components first and then focus on advanced topics.

  • CSS - Colour Names and Codes

  • CSS Classes and Spans

  • CSS Divisions - DIVs

  • CSS IDs

  • CSS Margins

  • CSS Padding

  • CSS Font Properties

  • CSS Borders

  • CSS Backgrounds

  • CSS Transparency

  • CSS Text on Top of Images

  • CSS Width and Height Properties

  • CSS Display Properties

  • CSS Static Positioning

  • CSS Relative Positioning

  • CSS Absolute Positioning

  • CSS Fixed Positioning

  • CSS Float Property

  • CSS Clear Property

  • CSS Z-Index

  • CSS Styling Links

  • CSS Tables

 

 

WHERE CAN YOU LEARN CSS?

There are various free resources as well as paid courses available to learn CSS.

 

Free sources:-

  1. freeCodeCamp.org

  2. Tech Gun

  3. Codecademy

  4. Coursera

  5. W3Schools

Paid Courses:-

  1. theknowledgeacademy

  2. Udemy

  3. Mycaptain

  4. Coursera

  5. ClassCentral

For certifications, you can take up any of the above mentioned paid courses.

BENEFITS OF LEARNING CSS

  • You will learn to position HTML elements as per your choice on a web page. 

  • CSS will give you various customization options for your web page including the freedom to change fonts, colors, borders, hover and transition effects, etc.

  • Work on multiple web pages simultaneously to create, update and maintain styles.

  • CSS would allow you to use media queries and relative units to create web pages. 

 

WHAT IS JAVASCRIPT AND WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO LEARN JAVASCRIPT?

  • The third web technology that a beginner must learn is JavaScript.

  • JavaScript is a programming language that enables the user to implement complex features on a web page. These features may include-timely display of contents, animated graphics, interactive maps, etc.

  • The popularity that this language has gained over the years removes any doubt regarding its importance.

  • It is advisable to learn this language because it opens various job opportunities.

 

COMPONENTS OF JAVASCRIPT

The basic components on which a beginner should focus in order to learn JavaScript are given below. If you are beginner, you should achieve mastery in these basic components first and then focus on advanced topics.

  • External JavaScript

  • JavaScript Output

  • JavaScript Inner HTML

  • JavaScript Commenting

  • JavaScript Constants

  • JavaScript Variables Introduction

  • JavaScript Assignment Operator

  • JavaScript Arithmetic Operations

  • JavaScript Arithmetic Operations Continued

  • JavaScript Operator Precedence

  • JavaScript Data Types

  • JavaScript Objects

  • JavaScript Object Output

  • JavaScript Strings

  • JavaScript String Length

  • JavaScript Special Characters

  • JavaScript Random Numbers

  • JavaScript Min and Max Function

  • JavaScript Math Round Function

  • JavaScript Arrays

  • JavaScript Array Attributes

  • JavaScript Arrays - Pop - Push - Shift - Unsifts

  • JavaScript Changing and Deleting Elements

  • JavaScript Splicing an Array

  • JavaScript Sorting an Array

  • JavaScript Joining Arrays

  • JavaScript Conditional Statements

  • JavaScript Comparisons

  • JavaScript Booleans

  • JavaScript For Loops

  • JavaScript For-In Loop

  • JavaScript While Loops

  • JavaScript Do-While Loop

  • JavaScript Break and Continue

  • JavaScript Functions

  • JavaScript Events

 

WHERE CAN YOU LEARN JAVASCRIPT?

There are various free resources as well as paid courses available to learn JavaScript.

Free Sources:-

  1. Simplilearn

  2. Clever Programmer

  3. Academind

  4. W3Schools

  5. Codecademy

 

Paid Courses

  1. theknowledgeacademy

  2. Udemy

  3. mycaptain

  4. Class Central 

  5. Coursera

For certifications, you can take up any of the above mentioned paid courses.

BENEFITS OF LEARNING JAVASCRIPT

  • Developing web and mobile apps - Developers can use different JavaScript frameworks for designing web and mobile apps. The pre-written codes let the user do routine programming features.

  • Build Web Server and Develop Server Applications - JavaScript lets the developers build simple web servers and design the back-end infrastructure using Node.js.

  • Create Browser game - Developing games is a great way to practice JavaScript skills. Game development, especially, for beginners can be done with the help of JavaScript.

  • Web Development - JavaScript can be used almost everywhere in Web Development-front end, back end, full stack, cross-platform mobile applications.

 

PROJECT IDEAS FOR BEGINNERS BASED ON HTML, CSS AND JAVASCRIPT

  1. Login Authentication

It is a beginner-level project that tests your JavaScript skills. The project aims at designing a website’s login authentication bar. The users would enter their login credentials (email ID/username, password) to log in to the site. Learning this skill will help you in your future web projects and applications.

Click here to access the free project development idea on this topic.

 

2. JavaScript quiz game

The JavaScript quiz game will let you deal with complex logic and learn about data management. The game will take multiple answers from the user and tell the correct result to the user. 

Click here to access the free project development idea on this topic.

 

3. To-do list

This project requires knowledge of all three- HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. In this, you will make to-do lists for everyday tasks. In this project, you can design interactive coding lists to add, delete, and group items.

Click here to access the free project development idea on this topic.

 

4. Word Counter

In this project, you will design a counter tool that counts the number of words written online in any document, blog, essay, etc. It will also tell the user how many more words are yet to be written. You may make additional functions like the number of passive sentences in the write-up etc.

Click here to access the free project development idea on this topic.

 

5. Modal pop-ups

In this project, you will design modal pop-ups to provide notifications/promotions/email signups, etc. on a web page. The JavaScript code will get triggered when a user clicks a button on the page.

Click here to access the free project development idea on this topic.

 

HOW CAN YOU USE YOUR KNOWLEDGE ON HTML, CSS, AND JAVASCRIPT?

  • Design Web Pages: Once you learn these 3 web technologies you can use it to create and display attractive, dynamic and interactive web pages.

  • Projects: You can use the technologies to create projects as mentioned above. These projects hold a lot of importance in your career and especially in your resume while applying for jobs.

  • Enhance your Resume: You can highlight these skills in your skills section to showcase the interviewer that you have enough skills needed for the job.

  • Convert Interviews: You can highlight your knowledge on these skills while answering questions during interviews. You can even demo your projects during interviews, if given an opportunity.


    ALL THE BEST!!!